As the diabetes capital of the world, it can be safely said that diabetes symptoms are something that should be made common in knowledge. While this is a notorious title to possess, the thing to understand is that it does not refer to just one disease alone. In fact, Diabetes Mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affects the way your body uses glucose, commonly known as sugar. Low blood sugar symptoms can be incredibly common among people in India.
While there are still many people who think that consuming sugar causes diabetes, the truth is wholly different and quite complicated. This is because glucose is one of the most important sources of energy for the cells in the body and it is the main source of energy for the brain cells primarily. How your body uses glucose and whether your blood contains a lot of it is a point of concern and something that gets tested. This article talks about the types, symptoms, causes, treatment, and prevention of diabetes.
Types of Diabetes
There are three types of diabetes, check all about them below
This is considered an autoimmune condition and people who are affected by it have their immune system mistakenly attack the beta cells in the pancreas that are responsible for producing insulin. The reasons are known to be genetic and environmental.
This condition starts out as insulin resistance where your body is not able to use insulin efficiently. This has the pancreas working extra hard to produce insulin after which it just can't keep up with the supply. This finally causes high blood sugar. Genetics, obesity, and a sedentary lifestyle are responsible for the condition.
This is a condition that happens when a woman is pregnant and will often go away after the birth of the baby. It is usually witnessed in people who have pre-existing diabetes or have a long family history of diabetes.
Causes of Diabetes
When looking at diabetes symptoms, it can be pretty easy to get to the root of the condition: the causes. It has been found that people suffering from diabetes usually have a predisposition toward the condition if they have a family history of it. They often are people who lead a sedentary lifestyle and are obese or overweight. Some pregnant women develop gestational diabetes and about 50% of these cases go on to be diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.
Early Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes
Your diabetes symptoms will be dependent on exactly how high the level of your blood sugar is. The fact is that you may not be even getting any symptoms if you are pre-diabetic or if you have Type 2 diabetes. With Type 1 diabetes though, the symptoms become apparent quickly. And the effects are more severe.
Here are some of the common symptoms of diabetes though:
- Frequent urination
- Feeling thirsty very often
- Tiredness and weakness
- Blurry vision
- Loss of weight without trying
- Presence of ketones in the urine
- Being susceptible to infections of the skin, vagina, and other parts of the body
- Suffering from mood changes or being irritable
- Having sores that do not heal easily
It all begins with the proper diagnosis. If you are considering going to a doctor because of suspected diabetes, here are the things to note:
- You have low blood sugar symptoms
- You have noticed possible symptoms of diabetes in you or your child
- You have got your test reports for diabetes back and that is when you need to see a doctor as soon as possible to stabilize your blood sugar levels.
Here are things you will need to know about starting diabetes treatment. Diabetes treatment can be classified into two types mentioned below:
Medication: Most people diagnosed with the condition will not need any medication. If you are one of those who need medication, then you will either be given oral medication or insulin injections depending on the severity of your condition.
Lifestyle Changes: Very probably you will be asked by your doctor to make lifestyle changes. This will include making changes in your diet and switching to better and healthier meals as well as increasing your activity levels every day.
Prevention of Diabetes
Here’s what you need to know about preventing the disease.
Type 1 Diabetes: It cannot be prevented. This is because the condition stems from hereditary and possibly environmental reasons. But some lifestyle choices can help prevent both Type 2 and Gestational diabetes.
Choosing foods that are lower in calories and fats and higher in fiber will be a better choice and focusing meals on whole grains, fruits and vegetables are necessary. You must keep eating a variety of such foods to prevent boredom from taking over.
If you live a sedentary life, then it is time to start being more active. This can be simply as easy as starting with a physical activity every day such as yoga, brisk walking, or jogging. Some people have got positive effect by choosing to join a local gym.
If you have a lot of extra weight, it is time to drop as much of it as possible.
Diabetes may easily be preventable by putting your mind towards it. All types of diabetes can lead to further health complications.
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