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Cytopathology

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CYTOPATHOLOGY

Cytopathology is study of cells and is commonly used to investigate diseases involving a wide range of body sites, often to aid in the diagnosis of cancer, but also in the diagnosis of some infectious diseases and other inflammatory conditions.

It includes :

Interventional Cytology

Interventional Cytology i.e; Fine-needle aspiration (FNAC), performed by a pathologist or radiologist which involves usage of a needle attached to a syringe to collect cells from lesions or swellings in various body organs often with the application of negative pressure (suction) to increase yield.

FNAC can be performed under palpation guidance (i.e., the clinician can feel the lesion) in superficial regions like the neck, thyroid or breast ;

It may be also be assisted by ultrasound or CT scan for sampling of deep-seated non palpable lesions within the body.


Exfoliative Cytology

Exfoliative cytology is a common application of cytopathology which includes Pap smear/Liquid based cytology , a screening tool used to detect precancerous cervical lesions which may lead to cervical cancer.

In this method, cells are collected after they have been manually scraped/brushed from the cervix with a spatula or brush .

Frequently Asked Questions

Cytology is the examination of cells from the body under a microscope. In a urine cytology exam, a doctor looks at cells collected from a urine specimen to see how they look and function. The test commonly checks for infection, inflammatory disease of the urinary tract, cancer, or precancerous conditions.
  • Cytopathology is a branch of pathology that studies and diagnoses diseases on the cellular level. ...
  • Cytopathology is frequently, less precisely, called "cytology", which means "the study of cells".
Histology involves the study of tissue and Cytology involves the study of cells, both of which are derived from various organs of the human body. ... The slides are stained with a routine stain (to help differentiate between diseased and normal tissue).
Routine biopsy and cytology results may be ready as soon as 1or 2 days after the sample gets to the lab. But there are many reasons some take much longer to complete.
Urine cytology is a test to look for abnormal cells in your urine. Urine cytology is used along with other tests and procedures to diagnose urinary tract cancers. Urine cytology is most often used to diagnose bladder cancer, though it may also detect cancers of the kidney, prostate, ureter and urethra.
Cytology: The medical and scientific study of cells. ...

For example, a common example of diagnostic cytology is the evaluation of cervical smears (referred to as the Papanicolaou test or Pap smear). In order for cytologic evaluation to be carried out, the material to be examined is spread onto glass slides and stained.
Cytology is also known as cell biology. It is the study of cell. It is important for the researchers or biologists in generating vaccines, medicines etc.
Used to collect cells from the bronchi and/or upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts.
A urine cytology test can't be used alone to diagnose cancer. If atypical or cancerous cells are detected, your doctor will likely recommend a cystoscopy procedure and a CT scan to further examine your bladder and urinary tract.